How to Make Perfume More Potent and Last Longer

Perfumes are the most popular cosmetic products and their central role (as fragrant additives) in marketability of virtually anything cannot be ignored. On their own, perfumes are well marketed as independent cosmetic products, with prices varying according to the concentration. This is where we have Eau DE Toilette, Body Mist, Cologne etc.

A happy perfumer is she whose perfumes are liked due to their potency and longevity. Products with potent fragrances also tend to retain clientele loyalty, and sell more. For example; Downy and Sta Soft, the finest Fabric Softener brands in the Shelves, have their scents lingering on for days after washing. A local powder detergent brand, Sunlight, has its fragrance high in potency and also it remains on the clothes days after washing. When I was young, a fellow primary school classmate, a Mr. Lenaola (Maralal DEB Primary School) arrived one morning wearing ‘Cobra‘ perfume. To the amusement of students, everybody made fun of him and he immediately returned home. What was amazing is that the smell remained in the school compound for several days.

So, what makes the perfume potent (strong) and more longer lasting?

In our new Book ‘Essential Oil Extraction Technology‘ a technical guide detailing how to produce essential oils at home and general perfumery, the contributing author, Betty Industrial Chemicals, states that the volatility of Top Notes and Middle Notes can be amplified by the use of Smell Enhancers such as Benzyl Salycilates. The book continues to say that Fixatives such as Benzyl benzoate can make the fragrance linger for longer hours, probably days.

There is quite some chemistry involved in the mode of working for the above additives, however, their use is simple and by utilizing them, home manufacturers of Fabric Softeners, Body Mists and Colognes, a value can be added at little or no cost.

According to the book, Lavender, whose scent emanates from a terpenoid (a secondary metabolite of the Lavandula latifolia aromatic shrub) can be blended with other terpenes to arrive to some of the most unique fragrances found in Sta Soft. The hand book, yet to be launched, has detailed instructions on how Lavender Fragrance’s main constituents such as monoterpenes (linalool, cineole and camphor), as well as the main constituents in the oil from leaves (cineole and camphor monoterpenes) are derived from geranyl diphosphate molecule (GPP), by transforming GPP via cyclisation of linaloyl pyrophosphate into bornyl pyrophosphate, followed by a hydrolysis reaction that produces borneol, which finally is oxidized to camphor. These processes, done by locally fabricated extractor equipment, are critical in designing a designer perfumes that are unique.

Yogurt Making Business among Low Income Earners

Some home-based projects have grown to be big business enterprises not because of heavy financial investment, but simply because the business happens (somehow coincidentally) to be favored by huge market demand. The internet is awash with stories of some of the Biggest business empires that started as small family projects- initially meant for subsistence (bare survival).

Among the factors that lead to rapid expansion of (some) family business (into world empires) is the simplicity of operation. Businesses that require minimum capital requirements are an encouragement to the investor. Complexities associated with machine operations, breakdowns and repair notwithstanding, may curtail developmental milestones associated with business growth curve. Therefore, business that have less to do with such complexities pose less risk to invest in, and recovery after a negative eventual situation, and here, yogurt making and selling business carries the day. It is however, understandable that knowledge and skills is the common factor for any business operation.

Global statistics on yogurt consumption are mind-blowing, and anyone looking for an opportunity to emancipate self from financial quagmire may want to leave anything at hand, including a lucrative corporate post to try out the business. In Kenya alone, yogurt is consumed

5.2 Billion Litters of Milk
From respected sources, Kenya has an estimated population of over 4.5 million dairy cows, making the country well-known as one of Africa’s biggest milk producers, only third from Ethiopia and Sudan with an estimated annual production capacity of 5.2 billion litters. This contributes to 30-40% of the 5% that Africa produces into the global numbers. According to the KDB, over 30 milk processors and 67 mini dairies with a total processing capacity of about 3.75 million litters per day have been licensed to package and process milk in the country.

Rightful Skills

Armed with the right knowledge and skills in formulating and manufacturing all standard KEBS-certifiable Yogurt could, after all, be the only start-up investment that is most valuable and key to success of the business in the face of competition. Understanding well the components of the yogurt and how they function will always give you the Liberty of playing around with ingredients to boost value or to cut down cost of production. For Example; the different prices 0f different brands of yogurt in the market is as a result of different amounts of ‘Solids’ and ‘Fat content’. A competitor can make a very thick and sweet yogurt but the price is low. While premium brands may fetch more value-meaning the cost of production is equivalently higher, the manufacturer can always achieve this value with less costs. All this lies in the Solids content and the Fatty Matter Content in the yogurt. Thick creamy yogurt fetches more money because it looks rich, however, without increasing solids and fat content, you can still achieve the same physical attributes, to successfully cajole the consumer into believing you are giving them what their competitors are not able to.

Starter Machines & Equipment

Yogurt manufacturing, like any other business, needs mechanized systems for smooth, uninterrupted and concise processes. The one fascinating thing about this industry is that the machines involved (for medium and Large Scale) are non-complex. At a lower level of production, wooden sticks, thermometer, stainless steel and plastic buckets are needed. Critical implements include household (kitchen) fridge and cooker. At a much higher level (think of Brookside, Kenya Cooperative Creameries, Dalamere etc.) complex machinery such as Centrifuges, cooling plants, cold room, Quality Control Labs etc. are required.

For starters (home based) the kitchenware is enough to start with but to be more accurate and professional, investing on a KES 200 thermometer and KES. 10,000 portable Culture Oven for the starter culture incubation. The culture incubation is a technical manufacturing procedure that defines how thick and stable the yogurt will be.

Cost of Producing a Litter of Yogurt
With the current rural prices of milk (30 Shillings per Litter) and Yogurt (250-330 Shillings) a professional manufacturing process should cost a beginner Ksh 10. This means that to pack a Litter of fully processed yogurt in a Sh. 20 Plastic Container, the estimated cost of production should be 60 shillings or thereabout. Therefore, selling the commodity at 250 Shillings means that you are making over 200% profit. With gradual expansion, one can acquire a Modern Medium Yoghurt Processing Line with less than 150K, 90% cheaper from the traditional old commercial machines from Italy that went for nearly a million Shillings. Here’s the breakdown: Commercial 50L milk homogenizer /Pasteurizer from Express Marine Corporation at Ksh 80K. The Commercial Fermentation Machine 200L capacity goes for only Ksh 40,000.

Trisnol Replaces Carbomer in Kenya

Trisnol, a newly unveiled polymeric thickener has hit the Kenyan market, thanks to scarcity of the carbomer

Announcing its release, Betty Industrial Chemicals Ltd, a giant wholesale supplier of industrial raw materials, termed Trisnol as a game changer

Initially it was hiked price for the gelling agent Carbomer after coronadisease outbreak. Few weeks down the road, carbapol, whose normal price was Ksh 1,500 per kilogram, shot 100 times higher. This saw a gram of the gelling agent go for 15 shilling!

Spelt Doom

Local manufacturers of hand sanitiser lost hope in ‘minting millions’ in manufuture and sale of hand sanitiser, however, the hope has been rekindled with unveiling of Trisnol

Trisnol is available in selected chemical stores in both Mombasa and Nairobi. The new generation gelling agent has features similar to carbomer and the clarity of the final product is appealing

The General Handbook 2020 Edition

This manual is a well revised publication with 100 procedures of selected products that are commonly used in our daily lives

Breaking the tradition of strictly dealing with Cosmetic and Cleaning products, this 2020 Edition has included Food and construction Industry among other fields of interest, just to give our consumers a wide scope of selection

Newer Formulas

All previous formulations in the past Manuals have been reviewed and re written in the spirit of keeping up with the changing market formulations. Products like Lotions, disinfectants, soaps, Detergents etc have newer formulas that make them superior quality wise as well as better profitability for the manufacturer. For example; the Powder Detergent in the newer formula enables the manufacturer to make 500g at only Ksh 35,while maintaining KEBS specifications. In the face of the the current shortage of Carbomer for the Hand sanitizer, the book gives a formula with use of alternative but cheaper gelling agent to achieve the same quality and value of the product. Lotions have newer formulations that make them compete with newer products in the market such as ‘Mixa’ etc. Previous editions had Antiseptic formula that used a rare ingredient for ouzo effect, however, the newest formula has a cheaper alternative of locally available ingredients that meet absolute KEBS specifications and with powerful ouzo effect as that of Dettol. The Hair Care section has been completely overhauled with newer formulations and additional 6 types of shampoos that range from Powder, Bar, Lotion type to Ccfgfdddf type The previous editions had one type of bar soap but the 2020 Edition has both Organic, Laundry and Normal, with an industrial approach in formulation. Generally, all the formulations given are in two sections: Trial Samples and Commercial Batches.

New Formulations

The 20 or so newer formulations are picked from the areas of interest as experienced from our daily class work attendance. People who are enthusiastic about confectionery will find useful guides in making all the four types of sweets ranging from Tofees, Candies, Lollipops etc. The book exposes home learners with compitent skills in making high quality Yogurt, Tomato Ketchup and Commercial Juices like Peptang and Delmonte respectively. All formulations are explained procedurely and in tandem with Kebs standards. For more technical products, construction enthusiasts will find useful information on how to make Adhesives for shoe industry, Leather shoe Polish. Candle making, Hair detangler, Hair Serum Boosters, Perfumes (Body Cologne, Body Mists) are among the newest additions that will give the home manufacturing enthusiasts a variety. For parents whose children suffer occasional Acne and excematous outbreaks, new additional formulations such as Anti Acne and Mild soaps will find useful guides for managing the conditions at home level without incurring on expensive prescriptions of Mild soaps from the Chemist shops

Motor Vehicle and Construction Industry

Motor vehicle and construction Industry is also represented with technical instructions on how to make Engine Coolant, Automotive Grease and Engine Degreaser. Car wash Shampoo formulation is also outlined with KEBS specifications. For the builders, Window glazing putty technology is well outlined.

Minimal Errors in Formulations

Unlike the previous (2015 & 2016) editions whose formulations were pulled from some of the directors’ own brands, this 2020 Edition, just like the previous 2018, has based all the formulations from class work, whereby technicalities in minor adjustments in user rates and overall product properties have been addressed for KEBS certification among our trainees. Products like Disinfectants, All purpose liquid Detergents, Bleach etc have had their formulations revised in confirmation of Material Safety Data sheets of the common suppliers. The formulations also represent the best qualities for the competitive market dominated by imports. For example; the cost of Making the Dishwash paste like Axil is only Ksh 90 per kg. This means that a 500g Dishwash formulated and packed will cost the manufacturer only 55. The supermarket retail of the same size (500g), 149 shillings, representing over 200 percent net profits. Similar case applies to the Scouring Powder, thanks to cheaper alternatives from local mining companies.

Product Pricing

A wide selection of formulations also feature pricing and relative adjustments to suit different classes of consumers. This probably explains why the 2020 Edition is slightly more expensive (at Ksh 45,000) than previous versions whose cap prices were Ksh 33,000. Products like Powder Detergent, Scouring Powder, Dishwash Paste and Handwash have their costings attached just to guide the formulators on rough costings.


Key Players in designing the formulations are cut across from local suppliers of the chemicals, teachers at Cosmetics and Detergents Kenya Limited Institute, factory workers, and owners of specific Kebs certified brands like “Sadik”. We thank Betty Industrial Chemicals Ltd, Miano and Co., Tutors at Cosmetics Kenya and Leading suppliers of raw materials such as Arichem and Soapwide International. Special thanks to Express Marine Engineering Corporation, The Dutch Civil Machinery Co. for allowing us to use their Products in illustrations in the manual. Refence contacts for all the suppliers of raw materials and machinery are found at the last page of the book

Online Classes in English Language

The current lockdown situation has led people to devise ways to manage their own businesses and affairs with minimal constraints.

Learning, as well as working from home has never been easier, thanks to internet.

Online training entails a set of arrangements that are aimed at ensuring that the learner benefits maximally, just like the one who attends physically

We offer professional online training services for people who are looking to learn from home.

A pdf document with short theory notes on raw material, user rate, formulation design for various qualities (low, medium and premium) is accompanied by raw materials for practice

Thermoplastic Technology Course in Kenya

This is a relatively new short course that will expose learners to knowledge on how to deal with chemical building blocks that make plastics. The course is aimed at imparting practical skills to the learner on numerous possibilities for manufacturing sustainable and innovative plastic products such as Pipes, Automotive and Machine body parts, Electric panels, jerry cans, roofing material etc. Further, the course will enable the learners on technical skills in Recycling of waste plastics to make shoe soles, roofing material, and numerous other applications that require plastic  bodies

Commenting on the newly designed course, our director of studies said that “Acquiring detailed knowledge of the various plastics, their properties and their behaviour during processing as well as their recycling characteristics constitutes a fundamental part of the course. The course is also open to foreigners.

Course elements

The central element structure of the course is working on thermoplastic polymeric resins by extrusion and injection moulding, but being a course unit in both undergraduate and post graduate industrial chemistry programs, the Course’s mode of delivery targets Secondary school leavers, adults who can understand English and Jua Kali Artisans who would want to add value to their creations (Machines, Equipment etc.) This will give (the local manufacturers) a competitive edge in the market.

Competitive Edge

It is understandable that modern imported machines are easily distinguished from (the often flawed upon) local fabrications because they have parts made of plastic materials which not only cuts down the cost of production but also adds aesthetic value to them. This means a local OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) will not only cut down the cost of making machines (with the often expensive 2mm metal black sheet) but will also make them look original and attractive to the buyers.   

Making Pipes

Plastics have become an integral part of our everyday lives and the Plumbing industry takes the highest consumer portion of plastics in any country. From cabling material, to ventilators and water/sewage pipes, this vast industry must be a grabs-for-all to those with a knowledge on PVC Pipe extrusions, whereby, main player in Kenya is General Pastics.

Closing Remarks

Kenyans have a passion for innovativeness and this has come out clearly after the advent of Corona Virus Disease that saw an overnight market surge in Face Masks that mimicked The Surgical Masks, Corona Testing Kits, Varsity and college students make Personal Protection Equipment and Ventilators not to mention Public Sanitizing Booths. In this regard, given a chance to learn basics in Plastic Making and Molding, local machine fabricators will give China and India a run for their money.

Course Duration: 4 Days (both theory and practicals). Machinery: Available locally

Common Problems Encountered during Formulation of Hand Sanitiser

In the wake of Corona Virus disease, many people, who did not dream of becoming manufactures, all over sudden, have become part of the vibrant industry, having been bitten by manufacturing bug.

In catching up with with the immense monetary rewards of the windfall, many people have consulted the internet and product labels to have an idea of what components are used to make the hand sanitizer.

Carbapol, a crosspolymer thickening agent has come out as the magic ingredient, and for this reason, even without considering the alcohol content that must be incorporated into the sanitizer, has helped every Dick and Harry to become a manufacturer.

It has, however, turned out to be a nightmare for those inexperienced users of carbapol especially when the product fails to thicken or becomes cloudy. At times, adding IPA to attain the minimum 60% by Weight has made the whole process frustrating to some “manufacturers”

So, What is carbapol and how should it be used?. In our daily teaching career, we attempt to demystify this Magic ingredient, which without, sends manufacturing enthusiasts lose hope of becoming overnight millionaires. To help solve some of the drawbacks realised in formulation of gels using carbapol, let us have a clear understanding of what Carbapol is.

Carbapol is a trademarked original synthetic powdered alkali swellable Carbomer. Carbomers are synthetic, high-molecular-weight polymers. They are composed of acrylic acid cross-linked with either allyl sucrose or allyl ethers of pentaerythritol, and they occur as white-colored, fluffy, acidic, hygroscopic powders with a slight characteristic odor. The molecular weight of carbomer 940 is approximately 4 ´ 106. The pH of a 0.5% to 1.0% dispersion is in the range of 2.5 to 3.5.

Formulation turning Cloudy

Carbomers are soluble in water; after neutralization, they are soluble in 95% ethanol and glycerin. When carbomers are dispersed in water, an acidic colloidal solution of low viscosity forms that will thicken when an alkaline material, such as trolamine, is added. To ease the initial dispersion process, the carbomer should be sprinkled on rapidly agitated water, with care taken to minimize the formation of lumps. This statement clearly tells us that carbapol must first be neutralized before incorporating alcohol!

Gel separating or becoming waterly

The above notes also provides us with information as to why, on addition of IPA, the gel turns waterly thin or fails to gel. We must sufficiently gel the carbapol prior to adding alcohol and avoid formation of lumps. We can achieve this by easing the initial dispersion process either by sprinkling carbapol into the water and actually soaking it for some time. We can also use acidic colloidal solution for Dispersing the carbapol

Alternative for TEA

Triethanolamine (TEA) is added to the dispersed Carbapol in order to gel. However, there are other numerous types of neutralizing agents that can can be used to thicken the gel, such as amino acids, borax, potassium hydroxide, sodium bicarbonate, sodium hydroxide (0.4 g sodium hydroxide will neutralize about 1 g carbomer), polar organic amines such as trolamine, and lauryl and stearyl amines.

Incorporation of air bubbles into the gel should be kept to a minimum. Maximum viscosity generally can be obtained in a pH range of 5 to 6

In summary, bear these points whenever you perform formulation with carbapol

  • Carbomers can easily be added to emulsions by addition to the oil phase prior to emulsification.
  • Easy to disperse powdered grades are preferred when dispersing directly into water.
  • Adding electrolyte or small amounts of acid to the water phase prior to Carbomer addition significantly improves its dispersion by reducing solution viscosity. Up to 5% dispersions of Carbomer in water can typically be made with this approach.
  • Use Triisopropanolamine (Dow Chemical) to neutralize Carbomer when gelling up to 90% ethanol.
  • Use granulated grades to reduce dusting issues during manufacturing.
  • Be very careful in qualifying new suppliers for an existing Carbomer. These rarely have the same performance characteristics.
  • Carbomers are more sensitive to shear after neutralization than before.
  • Carbomers are UV sensitive. You need to incorporate a UV absorber into gels when using clear packaging.

Quality Control:   The Kenya Bureau of Standards places a lot of emphasis on the quality of the consumer products and as such, commensurate with the minimum standards of practice, you must be able to perform some internal quality control for every batch you make. Quality-control assessment can include theoretical weight compared with actual weight, pH, specific gravity (SG), active drug assay, color, clarity, texture-surface, texture-spatula spread, appearance, feel, rheologic properties, and physical observations.

Carbomer Alternative in Making Hand Sanitiser

This week, following severe shortage and hiked prices for carbomer, Betty Industrial Chemicals Ltd unveiled Trisnol, a thickening agent used in making hand sanitizers.

Carbapol, a generic Cabomer became an instant ingredient of dependability following huge demands for hand sanitizers after Corona Virus disease outbreak. Like carbapol, Trisnol is an important gelling agent that is stable in huge amounts of alcohol, less expensive and readily available. It has been in use in developed countries for years now and the clarity of the finished product is just attractive.

Aloe Vera is not a gelling agent

Many erroneous articles online have insinuated that Aloe Vera is the gelling agent but it must be well understood that the action of gelling is polymeric process, meaning, the Polymer is the only ingredient that is stable as a gel in favorable dilutions and pH. Aloe vera is a plant and therefore its use is limited as an additive.

Trisnol, a gelling polymer is used in slightly larger quantities compared to Carbapol. At 0.8 to 1%, Trisnol achieves sufficient gelling and pure clarity of the hand sanitizer is achieved.

The Active ingredient in hand sanitizer is Alcohol, which comes as denatured alcohol or Isopropanol (Isopropyl Alcohol). Trisnol, water and Preservatives act as excipients. The Kenya Bureau of Standards require a hand sanitizer to have a minimum alcohol of 60%. For effective microbialcidal activity against Corona Virus, 70 to 80% is just reassuring.

Cost of Making Hand Sanitiser

Before the rise on the cost of Cabomer and alcohol, the 20L Jerrycan cost the manufacturer about Ksh 4000. Since the rise in ingredients, it now costs about 10k to produce a 20L Jerrycan. In turn, the 20L Jerrycan fetches approximately 80,000 Kenya shillings if a retailer sells 50ml packs at Ksh 209.

How to make Hand sanitizer in Kampala, Nairobi and Tanzania

The hand sanitizer gel has become a product of necessity in our everyday life, thankss to the advent of the Corona Virus disease

A week ago, we received overwhelming requests for individual training and this saw us restructuring our on line courses to accommodate as many students as possible. The rise in demand for ingredients also saw the course of the training slightly more from previous fee. This has promoted us to reduce the cost of learning through offering of recipes

We are currently offering standard formulas for Hand sanitizer gels, medicated Handwash etc to the general public

Our clients from Uganda, Somalia, Djibouti, Tanzania and Congo are welcome for on line courses and purchase of formulations. Please reach us through this number +254 723424240

Killer Hand Sanitizers a Major Health Time Bomb in Kenya

The advent of Corona Virus disease in Kenya has brought mixed fortunes in the Land, with both professional and quacks benefiting almost equally. At the mere announcement of a confirmed Corona case in Kenya Kenya was thrown into a panic mode and barely 10 hours, all sanitizer gels flew off the shelves.

Anxiety over sanitiser scarcity made business minded people look for ways of bridging the gap. And almost, instantly, everyone became a manufacturer. For those who cared a little, internet became their source of reference. The ignorant imagined how a ‘gel’, would be made, and imaginations went as far believing that Aloe Vera gel was the ultimate magic ingredient. The more imaginative ones went for glycerin as the ‘base’ for the gel. Well, that is not the problem. The real problem is what the low quality sanitizers can pose.

With common knowledge that sanitizers have an alcohol ingredient, quacks thought that the alcohol smell is actually a fragrance. And to them, any amount of alcohol present in their concoctions will work wonders in fighting Corona!

The greatest threat any antimicrobial agent can pose if used in irrational amounts is development of resistance to common pathogens. Take for example, Staphylococcus aureas.

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) which can survive on some surfaces, like towels, razors, furniture, and athletic equipment for hours, days, or even weeks, can spread to people who touch a contaminated surface, and MRSA can cause infections if it gets into a cut, scrape, or open wound.

When people tend to mind about making money at the expense of providing quality services, they will concoct hand sanitizer gels with Alcohol less than the recommended minimum of 60% and these will pose danger to the users.

I suggest the government, through the able Quality Control Agency, KEBS can educate the public on the dangers of using low quality hand sanitisers. The KEBS should instead provide easy access to the information on quality manufacturing of these products if the zeal with which local makers of multipurpose cleaning Detergents is to be applied on making the gels.

Carbomer Crisis in Kenya

The discovery of a Corona Virus case in Kenya sent panic across the manufacturing community with those privy to Hand Sanitizer’s formulatory ingredients rushing to purchase them in order to cash in the unfortunate turn of events

As usual, our director received numerous calls from people asking for carbapol. Strangely, None of the callers asked for Isopropanol, another major ingredient used in the production of the hand sanitizer.

After contacting our suppliers on Saturday morning, a day after Corona Virus disease made news, carbapol’s price has trippled, and by 10 Am, there was no stock! A kilogram that normally costs Ksh 1500 was selling at Ksh 4,600 and long ques in some chemical stores in Nairobi were conspicuous. Subsequent callers expressed hopelessness after learning they could not make hand sanitizers for sale.

Now, this is a clear case of internet misinformation. People rigidly rely on the scanty knowledge gained from few bloggers when it comes to formulations. We encourage self-taught formulators to make thorough research before attempting to venture into product formulation because they stand better chances of averting crises (by ingredient substitution) when a preferred ingredient is out of stock.

Carbapol, a carbomeric polymer is a thickening/gelling agent preferred for use in hygiene products because of its versatile gelling properties when it comes to formulations. However, hydrocolloids are equally good although their use needs some expertise. This means that carbapol is overrated. In fact, compared to a gelling agent like trisnol, carbapol is expensive and limited in its use, considering it needs additional ingredients to maintain it’s gelling stability

Relying too much on one ingredient and ignoring suitable or better substitutes can kill your manufacturing dreams.

This week, we are fully booked for hand sanitizer training gells by various manufacturing enthusiasts keen on setting sales for the “commodity of the moment”. We shall introduce cellulosic gelling agents alongside rightful formulation procedures and other key ingredients alternatives. Reach us on WhatsApp 0723424240 or call us

How to make Alcohol Hand Sanitizer

We have in the forefront of educating on the employment of standards in product formulation and development.

We are now offering technical advice, hands-on training and support on hand sanitizer, a commodity now waning off the shelves thanks to Corona Virus

Knowledge on the ingredients and their suitable substitutes is essential so as not to get stuck in case of shortage of one or two of them

Recently, the rush for the chemicals had manufacturers worried, but this is how we responded 👇👇

Glass Making Technology in Kenya

The glass industry is big, lucrative, controlled quite by only three Multinational companies.

Glass is widely used in construction industry, with office buildings consuming the largest volume. It is closely followed by the catering industry, where cutlery (drink vessels, plates, etc) takes the second position. The canning and soft drinks industry follow respectively, however, the decorative industry is the most robust of all.

One big disconnect with the juice and canning industry is that they recycle bottles and again they have their unique preferences for the supplier. Being a competitive industry, the canners and beverage producers prefer importing their glassware to cut costs of production.

Making glass locally has its own merits, for example, a small scale manufacturer of glass can sell his ware to individual home owners and contractors. And the construction being the biggest consumer of the glass, a small scale maker has big choice market. The cutlery industry is very diverse and robust, much to the advantage of a local cottage industry.

The manufacturing of the glass is not labor intensive, nor does it need sofistcated equipment. Just Molds and furnaces, which can be locally constructed, are needed.

It is a green area for investment which many people are not aware of and our initiative to deliver training and support for small scale industrialsits is geared towards empowering the community.

Raw Materials are locally available with many stockists. Some, like silica sand can be harvested for free from our beaches. Therefore, the cost of production for glassware is quite low

One great advantage of starting a business as an individual or small scaler is the low operational costs. Big companies, who for years have been in the business, eventually expand thus the cost of running the business. Small managerial errors can drive the big companies into big debts, unlike the small companies. Therefore, it comes as no surprise when news breakout that company A or B is on the verge of closing shop (collapse). A good example is the collapse of Nakumatt and Uchumi Supermarkets while small family shops expand into supermarkets themselves.

Capital requirements to run a small glass making company range from Ksh 30,000 to 80,000. A starter would kick off the business by producing 1000 window panes which she can vend to home developers. A batch of 1000 Water Glass can find their way to Muthurwa Market and within days, sales are over. The local craze with decorative ceiling lights is enough to give the Egyptian imports a run for their money.

Would you recommend a friend, Son, Spouse or Partner to try out this idea?

Freshly made glass panes

Alternative Approach in Business Startup

A business person’s ultimate goal is to own the business and have exclusive rights in decision making. Such an incentive motivates one to perform even better in order to feel more like a corporate CEO. However, there are formalities and a curve through which a business owner must pass. One of basic requirements is the start-up capital.

Startup capital at times may involve injection of hefty amount of money, depending on the type of business and the level of operation. Such money may be required for brand registration, machinery, quality control laboratory, containers and professional training.

The most practical way to circumvent the way around would be to start off the business with pre made products. Though net profits from dealing with pre processed products is usually lower compared to products made from the scratch, it is a sound idea for those who cannot afford workshops, technical know how and bulk raw materials.

Take for example a Surgical Spirit business. Building a fully functional factory, however small, could require capital input anywhere between Ksh 15,000 to 30,000. This is in assumption that the product manufacturer needs to undergo professional training, which requires about Ksh 7,000. Rental money, KEBS fee and processing equipment may push the initial capital requirements from 15,000 to 30,000.

Now, assuming that you don’t have 15,000 shillings, and you want to venture into Surgical Spirit business, experts say that you can easily purchase and repack manufactured Surgical Spirit. In such an arrangement, you can start off more efficiently and quickly. Profits accrued can aid in financing your training and other key requirements for building your factory.

The above kind of trade arrangement has been existing for as long as human civilization can be traced. Countries have built economies by trading in imported semi processed products and fully processed products, eg. Pharmaceuticals, Motor vehicles, and raw materials.

As a business starter, buying pre-proceesed products such as Perfumes, All purpose Detergents, Fabric softener, etc. can act as a spring board, besides easing Initial Startup Capital (ISC) burden.

January offer

We invite our subscribers to the following offers starting 13th to 17th January 2019

All our former trainees: Offer on Perfumery, Handwash and Sanitizer. Offer terms half price for charges

New subscribers: Offer on Soap, Nail polish remover. Offer terms: 30% off

Former trainees on bar soaps: offer Free retraining on Nail polish remover.

Ksh 6,000 is Enough to Start Soap business6

Our previous posts have generated quite some interest in the subject matter, with many respondents texting to ask us about minimum capital requirements for soap factory startup.

As industrial experts with many years of diverse knowledge on industrial economics, we can reveal that any amount of money can start up business. The question is: what level and what quality suits the least capital input.

To answer the question above, I must elaborate a few things about seed capital, through an example. For example, if farmer X germinates 5 seeds of maize (corn), he will harvest yes, but the produce will hardly fill the bucket. Now, the value of the whole (cultivation) exercise may look small (valueless) compared to farmer Y who did an acre. However, the farmer X has managed to have something he can recultivate to fill at least half of an acre.

Straight to the point. With only 6,000 shillings, you can produce Ten Dozens ( 120) bars of 800g, assuming each bar takes 50 shillings to produce. Are there any other things that you may need to make the 10 dozens?

The obvious answer is yes. But incase you have only 6,000, you can substitute the impliments to enable you beat the task.

Soap manufacturing requires the following impliments; weighing scale, thermometer, mixing vessels, source of heat and moulding equipment. Just that!

All the above impliments are substitutable. This is how. You can purchase ingredients when they are weighed. Therefore no need need for the scale at the moment. Plastic buckets and sufurias can be effectively used to process the ingredients into soap, and the moulding can be done in a carton reinforced with hard materials like old spring file covers. Skillfully, you can Gauge the temperature without the use of thermometers. In fact a skilled soap technician does not need thermometer oftentimes.

After making the batch and moulding, soap bars can be skilfully sliced out, taken to the market and with aggressive marketing, say making a sale of 10 bars every hour, two days are enough to reward you with 12,000 shillings (assuming you sold each bar for a 100 Bob. Repeat the cycle and eventually, you can purchase the impliments in the order of priority as you you buy more raw materials for expansion. Haven’t you kick-started your soap making career?

Assuming you wanted to start off the business soberly, you will need about 25,000. This amount is explained as follows: Ksh. 6,000 (raw materials), Ksh. 3,000 (good weighing scale) Ksh. 9,800 (special moulding tray), Ksh 600 (polythene wraps), Ksh 150 (cartons), Ksh. 4,500 (Professional training), Ksh. 500 (batching equipment), Ksh. 100 (thermometer). Generation of branding materials for the wraps may also incur some 3500 but that comes later, but do not forget that KEBS certification is mandatory

Now, it can be even more wiser if you have 25,000 as business start up capital. Just prioritize the things you need to start off with. You may half the money and 12,000 shilling dipped into raw materials. This is how John D. Rockefeller, (remember the Rockefeller Foundation?) the richest man in America in 19th century beat his foes.

Indeed, not soap alone but quite a big choice of products can be made with just under Ksh 10,000, and we have beautiful testimonies by those who passed through our hands, and some from the scratch, have empires to proof that indeed, any money is money when it comes to initiating a project.

For more information and free advice, call the writer on this number 0723424240

The Year of Success

The Year 2020 is here with us. We thank our God, the creator for allowing us to be alive.

We are alive simply to serve Him, He who created us. And we shall serve him with our substances (what He has given us).

Last year was a learning curve for many who aspired to own businesses. Learning curve is about the failures, inconsistencies, false starts, loses, blunders, betrayals etc. which were purposely designed by the nature to mature us, to make us learn how to behave businessewise in order to to avoid similar mishaps in the future. Therefore, no regrets about it. Remember all successful businesses and businessmen have their own stories. Some were even auctioned! Others lost their entire fortunes to brand rivalry.

Owing to the past year’s financial misnomers, this year presents the perfect chance to make for the losses: to minimize the budget, to start a fresh, to do it again in another style etc. Friends could have been a disappointment while bosses, relatives, financial institutions etc could have played a negative impact on your progression. But all that is part of your success story. No much regrets. Let’s put everything behind us and reconcile.

That false start you made in 2019 was part of your learning experience. Again, do not regret. Just forge ahead. Probably, those who never went through the same experience will have their fair share of the same. This makes you ahead of them. So, don’t worry about your new competitors overtaking you.

Focus on areas that have maximum potential for your business growth. For example, the building industry is so vast that picking an item of trade in the industry will not disappoint. Take an example of Making and selling Window putty. How many houses will have the windows fixed today in your locality? Many. Just make a putty and become a vendor of it. A kg goes well above Ksh 150, while the cost of production is barely 12 shillings. A covermatt paint sells at Ksh 1000 per gallon (4L) while the production cost is about 500, container included. The more expensive Silk paint retails at Ksh 2,000 per liter and the cost of Making it is 1,100 shillings. You need play around with figures and numbers to reap in enormous amount of money.

The cleaning industry offers the biggest field of catch. I now of a very big company in Kenya which has not been producing toilet bowl cleaner (like harpic) and now their new year resolution is to launch the product using their very famous brand-you will hear of it soon. While small family businesses had long ago introduced the same product in the market (supermarkets) (some passed through our hands) it leaves you with little imagination on the enormous amount of money they have been cashing in on this huge gold mine. The hair care industry is even more bigger! People in need of organic sulphate-free Shampoos are not stingy when it comes to giving their hair a treat. Likewise, the Human skin, which is anatomically the largest organ in the body, has 47 million people wearing it. Demand for a simple product like Petroleum Jelly makes the cosmetic industry overstretched to meet it. Consider this: For a giant soap making company based in Nakuru to realize the great deal the Petroleum Jelly market has to offer in order to for them to participate fully in exploiting it, the predecessors can only reveal the mind blowing facts on how beneficial the market is.

You really don’t need much to start. Training fee aside, raw materials for a brand startup can be as low as 5,000, depending on what you want to make. Therefore, no excuse for failing to start and own the brand.

For those willing to make a smart start, professional training is advised. You will learn the product customization tricks, trade secrets, quality control and assurance for your brand, raw material selection, inspection, quality, substitution etc. A professionally trained manufacturer is always a smart starter.

How to make Ksh 70,000 per week Selling Bar Soap

Success in business is about strategy, not fame, experience, huge capital or big risks. Strategic marketing aims at driving (selling) volumes thus huge income. A good business strategist works with mathematical figures, not hearsay, guesswork or trial n’ error. In his weekly column “The World of Figures” Mr. Kimani, a famous Nation Newspaper columnist has for many years demonstrated how the world’s problems have been scientifically solved through figures.

Like an experienced hunter or fisherman in lake Victoria prepares a bait in order net his catch, a good manufacturer will lay a bait for his clients. The bait here is the price of the commodity. And the principle employed here is highlighted here: [Low Prices➡️ High sale Volumes ⬅️Huge gains]

The hunter Lays several traps, provides baits and moves very fast. This is an exemplary scenario that can be copied by a manufacturer keen to make positive gains in business.

The trap here is regional supply outlets. The Bait here is reduced price. Moving very fast is akin to producing as much as possible (bulky manufacturing).

In the face of ‘perceived’ ‘competition’, this is how you can make Ksh 70,500 per week without breaking a sweat.

STEP 1: Supply all the 47 counties with 1kg bar soaps. The 1kg bar soap looks big and more attractive to the target client.

STEP 2. Give out the commodity at Ksh 100. (Memengai’s retail price 180/-per). Here, your net profit is Ksh 30. For costing, please click this link.

STEP 3. Ensure a target sale of 10 bars from every county each day (just ten), for 5 days in a week (probably Monday to Friday)

Now, this is how your strategy will have worked: 47 X 10 X 5 X30, whereas 47 is the number of counties or (towns), 10 is the number of pieces each county consumes in a day. 5 is the number of days in a week and 30 is the net profit for every bar. Therefore, 47x10x5x30=70,500/=

It therefore means that you need only 47 places (could even be regional market places) and only 10 bars for each of the 47 and constant supply to get 300,000 shillings every month. It may sound simple (indeed it is) but a lot of ground work must be done.

GROUNDWORK: To produce enough soap, you need a serviceable machinery. Quality is another important thing to observe. People buy quality, even where retail prices are seemingly high. A good quality bar soap means that it should be high Foaming, long-lasting and well branded. A good quality product creates royalty between your customers (and the product). Anything less becomes ‘hit-and-run’. To make a quality 1kg bar soap, it costs about Ksh 65.

Remember, you the manufacturer must make a target. Ksh 30 is your target, whether the soap retails at 100 Bob or 150. Do not be gullible. Let your suppliers also ‘eat’. By the way, the retailers are your best salesmen. Again, a one kg Quality bar will fetch good money, that’s why consumers do not complain when buying Menengai at 180 Bob. See testimonies here

Cost of Making Bar Soap is Ksh 45-55 for 800g Bar

One of the units covered in our soap making classes is Production Ecomics. This subject contains well-researched and up-to-date information about the current cost of raw materials and operational strategies that contribute directly to altering the cost of production, not only for the soap but other products as well

The formula for a standard bar soap involves at least 9 different types of raw ingredients, 4 of which are basic. Three of the four basic ingredients are used in bulk and their prices are relatively high compared to the rest of the ingredients. This, therefore, means they are the ones that contribute directly to the cost variations in producing bar soap. Oils, waterglass filler, caustic soda are available in the local market at different prices and qualities, especially for the oils.

A standard bar soap has approximately 54. 75% of oils. Quality attributes for various bars largely depend on the type of oil used. A blend of various oils, eg. Palm oil+Coconut oil +Beef Tallow will result in a higher quality soap, like the “Mengai” type whose cost of production is equally higher. Single oils like Palm result into medium quality with a slightly lower cost of production when compared to the former. The price of palm oil is slightly higher compared to beef Tallow and used salad oils, therefore, combining salad oil and beef Tallow at technical proportions will result in not-only cheaper soap but a good quality bar compared to the Palm-only soap. An addition of coconut oil (to the Tallow/Salad oil blend) will make even a better quality but with slightly higher in cost of production.

The above are mechanistics employed in producing various brands that are seen in supermarkets. An experienced soap maker will, therefore, observe the current market demands, evaluate the value of the product he intends to provide and weigh the benefits of the suitability of the intended product based on the cost of production. The street value of the oils in the market at any particular season will influence the cost of production.

With price fluctuations for the oils and other ingredients used in the soap production, the soap maker has to maintain the cost of production so as not to interfere with the overall retail price. This again calls for proper formulation and management skills in the manufacturing industry. Such is the orientation we give to our trainees.

The art of blending various oils in soap manufacturing processes will ensure that the quality remains the same in case there lack of one type of oil or price surge whereby, a suitable substitute will be employed.

Earlier on, we observed that the oils take 54.7% of a standard bar soap. Assuming that the application of other raw materials in an 800g bar soap remains constant with a price tag of Ksh 12/= the cost of the variant raw materials, namely the oils, whether used singularly or in blend form, will influence the final price of the bar as follows;

Palm oil-only-soap, will cost Ksh 35.58 + 12 =47.58 assuming the retail price of the said oil (palm) at Ksh 65 per kg

Beef Tallow/Salad oil blend-soap oil will cost Ksh 32. 85+12 =45.85 assuming the cost of the blended oil (beef Tallow and Vegetable salad oil) cost Ksh 60 per kg

Beef Tallow /Salad oil/coconut oil blend soap will cost Ksh 37. 23+12 =49.23 assuming that the cost of the blended oils (coconut/vegetable salad /Tallow) will cost Ksh 68 per kg

Palm/Tallow/Coconut blend soap will cost Ksh 43.80+12=55.80 assuming the blended oil costs Ksh 80 per kg

From the calculations above, it can be concluded that the highest costing bar is the one with Ksh 55.80 as the cost of production. This is a premium quality (the equivalent of Memengai) given that coconut oil is blended with beef Tallow and palm oil. Retail value for this type in the market is Ksh 150 per 800g. It can further be expertly concluded that the soap made of palm oil only is costlier (@47.58) than the one with Beef Tallow and Salad oil blend (@45.85). This is due to the fact that Beef Tallow and salad oil are both cheap. The blend also improves the soap quality compared to the palm-only soap.

The availability of used imported salad oil is available in bulk supplies from an importer. Unlike the Kenyan hotel type that is characterized by black smelly mess, the imported one does not need bleaching. A kg goes for Ksh 45 only. The current price for Palm oil is 65 per kg while the beef fat (Tallow) goes for 50/- per kg. Crude coconut oil is currently retailing at Ksh 190 per liter. Kindly note that the price quoted above is for wholesale purchase only. Small scale starters for soap whose capital cannot accommodate the budget of wholesale prices cited above can add 20% of the total cost of production (800g bar) to the quoted cost of production as appears above.

In the month of April, we shall look at oil blending techniques employed by a qualified formulist in an attempt to maintain same quality, same cost of production in the event of absence of one oil or the other. We shall also engage our blog fans in complex calculations aimed at reducing cost of production as much as possible whilst keeping a sound quality of the final product.

To wind down this long post, we remind our readers that it is only by laying sound strategy that you can succeed in marketing your bar soap. For example, you need to choose an upper market path adopted by the bigger soap companies for soap with prices retailing Ksh 100 and above for an 800g bar. This, you are assured of making a break-even. Don’t follow the Lower market path whereby the retail prices for such big companies’ products are retailing at 70 per bar. It is like an hyena following the trail of a Lion who has killed a Buffalo and the other who has killed a gazelle. The latter won’t be able salvage any left overs!

Writers’ Commentary on the Industrial Paint, Adhesives and Solvent Manual

As the year comes to a close, we find pleasure to cap our earlier promise (to introduce more relevant Industrial skill courses in 2019) by making available this knowledge to all people who have been interested in starting an income generating activity.

The publishing and launch of the Industrial Coatings, Adhesives and Solvent Technology Manual is a Six-month project whose selfless effort by top industrial chemists namely P. Waweru (Technical University of Kenya), G. Miano (Kenyatta University), and resource contributors namely M. Marete (Express Marine Engineering Corporation) K . Herman (Cosmetics and Detergents Kenya Limited Institute) a number of chemical shops namely Chafa Ind. Chem, Betty Industrial Chemicals Ltd etc has yielded the finest resource book in Kenyan history.

The 120 page manual has a 20-page introductory theory focusing on Standard formularies for 50 different types of products in the following 8 categories: Automotive Coatings, Architectural Coatings such as Covermatt, Silk, Gloss, Eggshell, Oil based paint etc, Thinners and Solvents, Adhesives manufacturing, Automotive Body Filler putty and Spot putty, Powder Coatings , Window Putty and Wall fillers. The theory expounds on each product formulation design, quality control, raw materials grading and usage and correct procedures.

The succesful completion of the Manual is overwhelmingly attributed to contributions by Mr Waweru, who has vast experience in putty and adhesive formulations in a number of factories in Kenya while Mr Miano, a Senior chemist has vast experience in product design and development, paint and adhesives and chemical engineering. Chafa chemicals are among the biggest distributors of paint Raw materials in retail packaging while Mr. Marete is a qualified construction technician with vast experience in architecturual BOQ analysis. Mr. Herman is a Technical Consultant in industrial chemical processes and the lead editor.

Every detail in the manual has been checked and cross checked to rule out any obvious faults in formulation quantifications. The formulations are up to standard in accordance with The Kenya Bureau of Standards. The last page has appendix of 5 major raw material importers-all located in the Industrial Area and 3 retail stockists for the same. For buyers of the Manual who would wish to start off the project at a relatively bigger scale, Mr Waweru will be at hand for hands-on set-up.*

Our Terms

The pricing for the manual has been set to accommodate the budget of an average common man with an understanding that this is an empowerment program by the Cosmetics and Detergents Kenya Limited Institute. It must also be strictly understood that the classroom facilitation is charged differently with the current fee being Ksh 50,000 for Architectural Paint manufacturing training ONLY. However, upon purchase of the Manual, our technicians will take the buyer through a 4 hour practical formulations of two products of our choice. To learn all the 35 products in the book through classroom facilitation, a fee of Ksh 1.2 Million (12,000$) fee will be payable and the course will run for 9 weeks. A full one week Architectural Paint class and the Manual will cost the learner Ksh 75,000 ($750)

*Some fee may be applicable upon agreement

Industrial Coatings & Adhesives Formulation Manual

Our on-class training experience on paint (Motor Vehicle paint and Architectural paint) has identified a variety of ways to help would-be paint manufacturers achieve their dreams of placing their competitive brands in the shelves. This follows realization that the mandatory 5 day training program (for paints only) is so demanding, especially for a person working. Elsewhere, we also discovered that the ksh 50,000 ($500) we charge for the (paint technology) training is way above the reach of the common man without a steady source of income.

We have, therfore, compiled an 120-page standard procedure book with 50 different types of industrial coatings ranging from Architectural and motor vehicle formulations, wall Primers, Motor vehicle Base coats, Undercoats, top coats, wall masters, decorative interior paints such as Gloss, Silk, Matt, eggshell, enamel, exterior silicon paints, window putty, spot putty, wall putty, distemper, Powder Paints, Powder coatings like Polyfiller, Motor vehicle body filler, Contact Adhesives, Roofing Paints, Pigment Concentrates, Thinners etc.

The manual comes with the first 20-page theorical introduction to paint, Thinners and glue making concept to prepare the new industrialist to have a clear understanding of the raw material used in coatings, solvents and Adhesives. The theory is written in an easy to understand model from experience with teaching people with different levels of understanding. This therefore ensures that the self-teaching learner grasps the concept easily.

We, however, will demonstrate one or two types of procedures free of charge upon purchase of the book. This will further orient the learner with procedures in formulation skills.

We hope the manual will transform the user in a big way. For more information and purchase or training, please talk to us on WhatsApp 0723424240 or call us. We are located in the city center NYOTA building along Accra road-Dubois road junction near Tea Room Dubois and Accra road junction near Tea Room. First floor room 105 and third floor room 309. The cost of the Manual is Ksh 38,500* only ($390). Ms Kemboi, our administration officer will help you once you come. The buyer of the Manual will be linked with all the suppliers of raw materials (both retail and wholesale) and packaging containers, printers of the containers (labels). We shall also link you with a Mr. Waweru and Miano, who are seasoned paint technologists with more than 15 years of experience in paint manufacturing with local giant paint making factories.

*Please note that the price was an introductory offer in 2019 by the time of pressing this post. The current price is 64,000

Content includes Tile adhesives (Grout), Automotive and Architectural Paints, Thinners, Car body filler and Spot putty, Window Putty, Polyfiller, Powder Coatings and fillers and adhesives

Shoe Sole Making Course now on Offer

In keeping with the promise to expose more Kenyans to the deep secrets of industrialization concepts, the long awaited course, the Rubber technology, is now on Offer.

This follows a successful completion of the the course curriculum, comprised of 5 major Topics and 13 subtopics that capture all aspects of the Rubber Chemistry.

The Course, will prepare the learner to apply his or her skills in designing any elastomeric product including Shoe Soles, Roller wheels, Seals, Silicon Moulds etc. to suit her preference.

The Course takes 7 hrs to complete. This duration can be subdivided into two or three sessions, meaning that the learner can decide to take it in two or three days depending on her schedule.

To learn more about the course, please talk to us on WhatsApp 0723424240 and we will be glad to help you with your needs. We are located in the city center NYOTA building along Accra road-Dubois road junction near Tea Room Dubois and Accra road junction

Online Training is available for the interested persons who may not be able to make it our training center.

Continue reading

Liquid Soap Making in Kenya

Cleaning industry has experienced a boom in the recent past, thanks to diverse culture of hygiene. Liquid soap, correctly termed as liquid Detergent is nevertheless a basic requirement for hygiene. The raw ingredients are abundant in Nairobi and major towns however stockists have taken advantage of the disperation of the Kenyans seeking cheap prices.

The quality of the raw materials, prices and expertise in mixing the ingredients will greatly influence the quality of the final product. We approached different raw materials outlets in Nairobi and we can say that much needs to be made on the customer education and awareness

Creating and Owning a Brand

Waking up in the morning and going to bed daily in the evening has every person’s one thought in mind: Whom am I in the society, place of work or home.

Naturally, in the human race, people are conscious of how they are viewed or rated in the society. And it is everyone’s dream that they take a superimposed place in peer groups, village or even Estate where they reside.

People have the crave for superiority and celebrity status. This is what motivates them to work even more hard to get promotion, make more money or get associated with a development that serves as a reminder to the society of whom they are.

To a majority few, owning a company is the epitome of fulfillment of their career goals. To these classes of people, owning a company is not just enough, but have a company that goes with colossal titles like “corporates”, names that end with “Limited”, “PLC” or to the more elaborate “manufacturers blah blah…”. Like me, they imagine people whispering things like “.. ssh….that’s the owner of….. ‘” whenever they pass through the corridors of banking halls or streets.

But did you know that having a company and being referred to by people as a CEO is as easy as one can imagine? What hinders many dreamers to achieve their life desires is lack of mentorship (right information, motivation and dedication on the part of the mentor). Many dreams die at the stage of implementation while others abort immediately after they are conceived in the minds of dreamers.

The Paint Industry in Kenya is Untapped

Of course, the contractor will ask about the quality of your product and KEBS certificate will come in handy. Next, the contractor will summon his paint man and he will instruct him to test the product. If the paint man gives your sample a clean bill of health, the contractor, knowing that he can save a surmountable cash by buying directly from a ‘Sole Proprietor ” (you), he will pull you aside and start the “business talk”.

Step 4: Make a healthy bargain. The contractor may have made a budget of say 2,000,000, for the paint. The actual cost of this amount of paint could be about 400,000. Have the contractor see the benefit of saving by buying from you and on your side, evaluate your profit share. Let him give you a down payment and make your way to raw material stockist (along Enterprise Road). Purchase the raw materials and do the mixing. Deliver it in time and have your cheque.

Of course a lot of discipline is needed as a manufacturer, especially when doing a startup. All in all, remember that quality, timely delivery and astute professionalism (paperwork) is key to success. With a million shillings from the first deal, scout for more upcoming buildings and make the steps. I am sure tomorrow on your way to town you will see more than one new upcoming buildings. They will need paint from the giant manufacturers but you can be the substitute.

Betty Industrial Chemicals Officially Launch Life stock Feed Formulation & Compounding Manual

Announcing the new development, Betty, a trainer and author of industrial procedures revealed that the new book, with over ten animal and poultry feeds formulas will benefit young school and college leavers with kin interest in becoming manufacturers and not employees.
She cited animal feed industry as the latest money minting business. “Besides human beings, Kenya has a good population of livestock- over 3 million cattle, chicken, camel, goat and sheep not included” she added. ” Even the farmers who struggle with animal feeds for their zero grazed cattle can make their own compound feeds for their livestock without necessarily buying local feeds”  she added.

“Anyone thinking of investing in a business with quick bucks should consider trying a hand in ventures with few competitors, animal feed manufacturing being a good example”


Many people who visit us for business consultation have one thing in common; fear of the unknown!
Over 95% percent of our clients ask one question; can we get a market share (read succeed) with all the giant multi national flooding their machardise in the market?
The other question that we normally get from our clients is this: Does one need a big capital and space to start a manufacturing business?
Now, all the above fears are valid since for one to spend a life times’ fortune, or say a Bank loan, he/she needs to evaluate the risks attached.
The following are undeniable facts about the big businesses that currently dominate the market;
1. All of them started small
2. Their current owners/CEOs were once unhappy employees earning very little salary.
3. Almost (99%) of them entered the market when they “felt” or “believed” that it (the market) was already full.
4. A sizeable number of them started with a capital bellow Ksh. 20,000. (We disclose to you the companies involved here when you visit us-we can’t publish their names here).
5. We have statistics of over 20 local multi national business empires which started operations from the confines of their owners’ homes (kitchens, bedrooms, estate backyards etc) .

Often than not, the “fear of competition from pioneers” among optimistic kenyans and the general population is what drives us backward, slows us in venturing into manufacturing business.
There are people who will need motivational speakers to psychic them up, while others will need an extra ordinary courage to get started.
Business consulting, for people interested in starting up a-say Soap making business-is the best platform to get started.
Business consultants will not motivate you with “impractical facts “, but will present to you researched facts backed by scientific statistics and practical lessons on how to get started ( minimum capital requirements, raw material sourcing, training, mentoring etc)-not cajoling, lying and “empty motivation”
With as little as Ksh. 500, a good business consultant will demonstrate how you can-with or without enough capital -start up business, where you can buy Raw material at an affordable price, where you can get trained (eg soap making, cosmetic formulations etc) .
As we saw earlier in this article, manufacturers-to-be often have a fear that their products will not match those from big companies. They also fear that they may not get Raw materials, or they may not make good profits. All those fears are psychological. When the founder of an extremely popular local brand (Nice & Lovely) , a Mr. Kinuthia set himself into cosmetic manufacturing, the market was “full” similar competing brands from the formidable Unilever, Biersdoff (makers of NIVEA), Loreal ( world largest cosmetic manufacturer-Dark & Lovely) and over a dozen other multi national entities. Similarly, the founder of Virgin Atlantic Air Lines, made it when British Airlines dominated the business. These and more examples have one common denominator: Pioneer Occupants. But how did the newcomers make it to the top amid this crowd occupancy?
Determination and courage. Big business empires create loop holes for incoming competitors. The big companies also popularize a product or set trends that new small companies (hitherto known as newcomers, ride on through to the top).

Some other questions that our blog followers as is this: How can I register my products with Kenya Bureau of Standards or how can I register my business to avoid being on the wrong side of the law. Now, its often simple to deal with this. Kebs charges around ksh. 5,600 while registering a business name is only ksh. 800. Registration of a Limited company will cost anything between 5-15 thousand depending on the lawyer you hire, but you can always start trading with a business name. There is no law that forbids one to use registered business name in manufacturing.

We Continue Excelling on Training in Conformity to KEBS’s Standards

With addition of oleo chemical training, we wish to congratulate our over 1,300 trainees whose products have gone through Kenya Bureau of Standards processes and emerged victorious with awards of Standards Certificates.

Oleo chemical subject is broad but simply put, it deals with is the study of vegetable oils and animal oils and fats, and oleochemicals derived from these fats and oils or from petrochemical feedstocks through physico-chemical modifications or transformation.

Introduction of Margarine Spread and Peanut Butter
With growing demand for these commodities in the food industry, we have introduced weekly training schedules. The training conforms with the laid standards of Kenya Bureau of Standards.

The training Continue reading

Raw Materials: Silicate, Oils and Lye

The success in soap manufacturing business is highly dependent upon accessibility of adequate and timely supply of raw materials. No one understands this better than Cosmetics and Detergents Kenya Limited, who, for the last 6 years have been in the forefront in the campaign for industrialization and training advocacy for better manufacturing practices.

As an institution with firm grip on tenets of institutional promotion and self industrialization, we have perfected the art of service delivery in the area of Manufacturing machinery, equipment and raw materials.

We have so far invested immensely in stocking basic raw materials in soap production and every month, we move tons of these materials to medium scale manufacturing companies, especially those whom we have sold machinery to.

Cost of producing a soap bar
With the current market prices of bar soap raw materials, an 800g bar soap will cost Ksh 50 ($ 0.5) to produce. This cost includes polythene wrap packaging. The soap quality is medium in the category of the brands that retail Ksh 110-125/- per 800g bar. It is noteworthy, however, that to realize this input value, the soap maker must purchase raw ingredients in bulk. For small scale producers, the price tag above is slightly higher (about 60 shillings per 800g bar). Nevertheless, a bigginer making soap at the said cost of 60 Bob can still make impressive profits of his soaps given that the sale price surpasses the 30% profit markup. Professional Training is strongly advised for the soap maker to be able to handle and utilize the raw materials properly in order realize the set production pricings

Raw material Prices
Silicate, an innert filler material retails at Ksh 45 per kg while fatty Palm oils retail at Ksh 80 per kg. Coconut oil retails at 190 per liter and beef Tallow retails at Ksh 60 per kg. These prices are for beginners. For people acquiring in bulk, prices are cheaper. Raw materials are in huge stock piles in our Nairobi stores, accessible through us. For orders requiring delivery, this address can be contacted 0722201340.

We continue to endeavor to provide all our clients with uninterrupted supply of Oils used in soap manufacturing as well as silicate and Lye. Our prices, we believe, are the best thanks to Betty Industrial Chemicals Ltd. For more information, please WhatsApp or call us at this number 0723424240.

Triple Roller Soap Mill in Kenya

Soap roller mill machines are gaining popularity and acceptance in the Third World countries and Kenya is not left behind. Previously viewed as a burdensome utility by small scale soap manufacturers, the advantages of the machine by far outweigh the disadvantages.

The primary task of a Roll Mill is to refine soap by reducing the particle size. Soap extruded by any means, having been pre-milled often exudes quality, a common feature with high end brands such as Geisha, Sunlight etc.

Super Advantageous
Whereas the only perceived “disadvantage” of a soap roller is the added cost of soap business startup, few of the numerous advantages of the Triple roller mill are;

1. Production Cost savings
2. Finer texture finish
3. Better soap compaction
4. Soap Color dye homogeneity

Production Cost savings
During the initial stages of soap refining, noodling (noodle Extrusion) becomes a very important production step . The more the repeated noodle extrusion, the finer the soap gets. However, this has implications on costs. Time and energy (electricity) are consumed. The plodder machine is also overworked besides increased tear and wear. By running the soap cake once through the roller mill, the plodder works only once: extruding bars. The quality of the bar soap is superior and very attractive.

Finer soap texture
The Roll Mill crashes the soap cake reducing the particle size to 0.2 microns, a feat that can never be achieved by pelletizer plate (noodle plate)

Better Soap Compaction
A well compacted soap has zero air spaces and this physical quality defines durability of the bar

Soap Color homogeneity
Coloring soaps with oil soluble dyes to uniformity can at times be problematic besides needing a lot of labor or mechanical agitation. When high shear is introduced to soap cake, the colorants spread out evenly to the substrate, recording high index of homogeneity.

The Amazon Roller Master Triple Mill Lister QRP
A new product in the Kenyan market, this heavy duty triple roller mill is amazingly resilient.

The manufacturer attributes its superior performance to better heat transfer due to the larger heat exchange surface area, a technical feature achieved by a bigger Roller L/D ratio which is 4:1 from the traditional 2.5:3.5 L/D. The rolls are made out of solid shaft of high strength carbon steel. The cooling channel and bearing seats are machined directly into the main material, with the middle roller connected with pressurized coolant pumped in and out of the roller throughout a rotary joint by a 0.5 Horse Power pump.

The unit is supplied with an inbuilt analog PLC for controlling all semi automatic sequences manually programmed to monitor the different functions, powered by a single phase motor.

A 10-page user manual, two year warranty certificate and tool box are supplied with the machine. To make orders and enquiries, WhatsApp 0724807203

Soap Base in Nairobi Kenya

For the starters, soap base is a pre- processed soap material that can be re used for making final soap product as desired by the small scale (cottage) manufacturer. Soap base, since its inception, has made work easier for people aspiring to make a variety of special bathing products in the categories of organics, herbals and naturals.

Betty Industrial Chemicals Ltd, Kenya’s biggest stockists of soap base concur that the products, with rising popularity among organic products dealers is the market drive in soap industry.

Soap base comes in various grades and formulations that suit each manufacturer in a specific way. For example, the glycerine melt and pour soap base can be added special additives like Aloe, Neem, Liwa, etc and marked off as an organic, herbal or natural soap respectively.

In support for organic soap enthusiasts, we offer free formulation tips for every purchase of Soap base in our stores, located at Nyota building along Accra road at the junction of Dubois and Accra road CBD room 309 third floor and room 105 first floor.

We are accredited distributors for soap base from Betty Industrial Chemicals. Call us on telephone number 0723424240

See our testimonies of those who have excelled in soap business

Paint Manufacturing is a Prestigious Career

Forget soap, Paint Manufacturing, a multi billion shilling business venture surpasses all industrial undertakings in Kenya, if the figures on construction as released by National Construction Authority, Research and Business Development report (17th October, 2018) is anything to go by.

Thousands upon thousands of new buildings (residential, institutional, hotels and real estate) are mushrooming in every space available in the Kenyan soil and often at a relatively high rate, thanks to the growing demand for houses by the expanding population. A casual look on your left or right hand side in wherever you are reading this documentary from, will reveal a new building coming up or at least a repair work needing touch up.

Consumes Billions of Litres
Kenya, the biggest economy in East and Central Africa consumes billions of Tons of Architectural Paint annualy, thanks to the ever expanding construction industry whose, according to a recent review report, put the GDP Value addition to 8.6%, with the value of the newly completed buildings registering a growth of 10.2%, an exponential phenomenon BMI Research says will remain steady at 6.2% until 2026. This, according to the BMI Research, will have Kenya outperforming all sub-Saharan countries. In essence, the biggest industrial product at the moment is Paint, after Tar (for tarmacking), whose serious suppliers are only five: Crown, Sadolin, Basco, Glory and Solai. Several few others (about ten or so) players in the categories of low to medium scale, seem to be content with their earnings, prompting them to retain their status quo. A quick check on their profiles and deliberate physical visit on these medium scale manufacturers’ workshops revealed that they are in fact a one-man-show businesses, whose branding is as poor as their trade names.

Rich History
The five major paint makers, have a rich history of beginnings, with some being in the market for the last 60 years. Their longer presence in the market could partly explain their dominance in the market but the actual drive to their successful dominance is their astute dynamism in marketing and effort to keep with the rapid growth of clients in the ever expanding paint industry. For example, Crwon Paint, which leads the pack of the five biggest manufacturers of paint, had a whooping annual turnover of Kshs. 7.3 billion in 2017 producing 2 million liters of paint per month and employing over 1,000 staff members. Infact, Crwon paint is listed on the Nairobi Stock Exchange! The other paint producers follow closely while the building and construction industry continues to expand. The all five and few others in the low medium/low scale category benefit immensely monetary wise when it comes to service delivery to the under-served market.

Demystifying Paint Production
One of the reason why dominance usually lies with few market players (at any given field) is due to ignorance or complete lack of insight by citizens who nature the dream of joining the prestigious manufacturer’s club. I remember five years ago when I first gave my public lecture on soap production in Meru-Kenya, the participants were surprised and shocked to learn that soap is made by human beings and anyone-whether learned or not-can make soap. But wait, no paint manufacturer would come out to teach the public how to make it. They will be inviting an undue competition. On the other hand, no public University teaches Paint Technology as an entrepreneurial course. Therefore, we cannot entirely blame citizens for not taking a bold step to have bite on the cake which the giants are eating. I started gaining a following on social media and internet where we have a strong foot print, and up to date, people continue buying high capacity soap machineries which we sell on behalf of a local Assembly Plant.

In fact, unlike soap business which needs expensive machinery (at medium scale level production) paint factory, at the same level, only requires a good agitator machine going at quarter price of the soap machines which EMK produces. Screening, which is a mandatory quality control procedure, can be done without a machine however, for quality purposes, a roller mill-also going at half price of a medium scale soap plodder-is a good investment business tool. At very low levels of production, wooden mixing ladle (mwiko) and a fine mesh can be used to produce at least 100 Liters per day.

Paint Formulation and Production
Compared with most other industrial products like soap, detergents, cosmetics etc, paint has the widest area of study and needs keen understanding of the formulation concepts in its deep-wide curriculum. In fact a serious trainer of paint will take not less than a week to cover all areas of paint manufacturing aspects. In total, there are about 15 types of Paints-divided as Industrial Coatings and Architectural Paints in the market and their production criteria differs from each other. Good news is that a keen learner is able to understand and duplicate a sample after a sample during the learning period that takes a week. We made paint samples used as teaching models of comparison and the paint, both Acrylic Emulsion and Solvent based, was made by a simple electric stirrer in our classroom.

Small Scale Production
Compared to other products, Paint being produced at low scale level is capable of uplifting a family’s fortunes 100 fold in just a fortnight. Sample this: Wambui’s neighbor constructing a family house worth 2 million shillings may need paint worth 60,000 shillings which she (Wambui) can make in just over 36 hours and give sell it out to the neighbor for Ksh 50,000. If at all Wambui will observe quality and fair price, the neighbor will be at no qualms taking it to his benefit.

Conversely, Wambui the cottage manufacturer can approach ten similar constructors (or house owners) in the neighborhood and within that month, she will make a cool 500,000 whose Net Profit is about 330,000. In summary, a cottage paint industry, set up at home can earn the Wambui’s family about a 500,000 per month

Smart Start up for a medium Scaler
For a smarter starter, the secret lies in approaching a contractor whose building is storeyed and with a quick introduction of his/her carefully and nicely packaged brand (that looks international), strikes a deal to supply the project, which may need as much as paint worth 6 million shillings. Penniless, the small scale manufacturer, armed with transaction papers, asks for a down payment of 30-50% and quickly uses the cash to purchase Raw Materials (that may be worth 1.5M) and an industrial agitator and containers. Two weeks of mixing and packing will culminate in delivery of the paint (in their respective types) and hooray! A balance cheque of pure NET profit will be issued to him/her. Hasn’t he/she made a breakthrough?

Marketing Secret
As you may have witnessed, Nokia, Samsung and Sony no longer monopolize the phone industry. The simple reason is that market preferences are dynamic and they change with advancement of technology, fashion and influence. Closer home, the era of Postal dominance was overtaken by events with advancement of technology, whereby parcel delivery shifted to more speedy public transport service providers. Similarly, Mwea rice farmers got a new lease of life for their harvests when they realized their competitors were branding their well packed rice. What am I driving at? Consumers are always exploring and newer products in the market look more attractive and more promising compared to the monotony of the traditional products. This is exemplified by long distance transport companies who introduce stylish buses, fully branded uniquely from bus to bus. A visit to most homes of younger adults will reveal that powerful musical systems in their living rooms are not Sony or Samsung home theaters. In fact, names on the systems are not popular while some are hard to pronounce. All in all, the message is this: Bring a new product (in this case Paint) well branded and better quality (you can increase Volume Solids and Apply more hiding pigments like Titanium Dioxide) and give it out to retailers of other major brands and you will be in business, Period!

As I have always told and demonstrated to our students, branding is the major driver of the commodity. A good name, professionally designed label bearing a well constructed name of the manufacturer will get your product attracting and commanding attention. Avoid giving your good product the names found in your village. The name of the manufacturer should leave scanty imagination about you, lest you fall prey to your competitors or individuals with an interest in your business. BTW, who owns MOBITEL East Africa (Mobitelea)?

Take Advantage
Countries like South Sudan, Uganda, Malawi etc whose paint is made by foreign owners (most are subsidiaries of Kenyan companies) can have their citizens take up the challenge and without saying, they will be natural benefactors of the projects for the obvious reasons I’m not writing here.

With all the knowledge and experience in industrial product design and development, paint, another discipline is well taught and the learners are accorded ambient environment to practice what they have learned in theory by formulating and testing samples immediately after Compounding them. Training is KEBS standards focused and a guarantee is given to the new learners.

While stressing that Cosmetics and Detergents Kenya Limited Institute is the only training and consulting firm that offers Industrial Paint Manufacturing Technology in East Africa, Herman, the chief trainer advises those interested in the Paint Manufacturing industry to take the advantage of the current offer because the fee might increase as demand for the course rises. Betty Industrial Chemicals Ltd, together with Ten other chemical stockists are ready to provide raw materials at very competitive rates.

Jua Kali Formulas

“Jua Kali” is colloquial for “informal”. Juakali has no standards, no user (ingredient) values and hygiene is at times at its lowest for the finished product.

Kenya Bureau of Standards processes are designed to provide and guide the Formulators with production platforms pegged on standard guidelines that meet minimum quality standards.

Take for example Liquid multi purpose detergent. A juakali formulator will approach a chemical shop selling raw materials for various products. Since the aim of the stockist is to make money, the retailer will stuff the juakali buyer with anything disolvable in water, and a concoction of sort, foamy, soapy and with qualities of a detergent will be made. The preservative is formalin! When KEBS takes your Detergent for analysis, among series of tests that will be done, including pH and Viable Count, a critical parameter will be Total non Detergent Organic Matter. Presence of hydrocarbons, fatty alcohols and certain levels of perfumes may result in detection of the Total non Detergents organic matter levels above the limit of 0.5%. And unfortunately, this is the parameter that fails almost all juakali formulators.

Loading Your Detergent with materials that should otherwise be used in very small quantities can amount to wastage of money. There is a common belief among chemical stockists that Sodium Metasilicate, a chemical intermediate for silica gel catalysts, is a vital component in cleaning products. From my chemistry knowledge, sodium Metasilicate ( stockists fondly refer to it as “CIMET”) is not a cleaning agent by itself, rather it is a VERY strong base. In fact, the pH of 1% aqueous solution of sodium Metasilicate (SMETA) is about 13! Its use in All Purpose detergent, if a must, should be for the purpose of a Builder Component. It principally inactivates water hardness in soaps and Detergents. And with this knowledge, it is an optionally used component in Detergents but a must in degreasers. Its use, therefore, must be in extremely small percentage in all purpose cleaners.

Clarity is an issue with poorly formulated Detergents while deposits occasionally found settling on the container are a true testimony that no standards have been followed during formulation.

Severally, I have observed people use more money to formulate a product when they purchase raw materials from hungry stockists. For example; a superior 20kg liquid detergent should cost about Ksh 328 and not 480/520/650 shillings.

It is therefore advisable to take a lesson on the subject matter as this will not only save you money, but it will assure you quality of the product.

Melt and Pour soap Base In Nairobi

The recent move by Betty Industrial Chemicals Ltd to pilestock Melt and Pour Soap Base is timely and a sure way of responding to market demand, a situation ignited by rising consumption of speciality soaps in the personal care industry.

On average, 5 million people in Kenya’s population of 50 use specialty soaps on any given day. And the demand curve is still shifted right, superimposed.

Again, the ever rising demand for the natural, specialty, and sometimes fancy soaps globally is due to the increasing awareness of the need to take care of skin in the face of premature aging, cancers, global warming and the ensuing environmental effects on the inhabitants.

For starters in soap industry, soap base is the soft launching pad to a fulfilling career in manufacturing, and With soap base, all you need is to reheat and add some goodies in it. This is technically known as reconstitution. However, any form of manufacturing (product making) must utilize some expertise and knowledge as to what it concerns. To some extent, the Internet is a good source of information but not every website gives the right information, and therefore, counter checking facts is recommended.

Incorporating Additives to Melt and Pour soap Base is easy but combining them needs proper understanding and articulation. For example, adding glutathione and Vitamin E- all purchased from chemists can be good but at other times it can backfire considerably more. Knowledge about oxidative degradation and peroxidation due to heat misnomer is mandatory to prevent the final product being rendered poisonous or mere placebos.

We sampled Betty’s Melt and pour soap base and were satisfied to the core, based on the following parameters: Quality, texture, global GMP, packaging, composition and pricing. Being a market leader in industrial washing chemicals, we however, expected nothing bellow that.

The following additives can be incorporated into the melt and pour soap base; Kojic Acid, sun proof oxides, Liwa extracts, glutathione, special perfume blends, carrot juice, Paw paw seed powder, Pumpkin seeds, Argan oil, Sea weed, Activated Charcoal etc. Often poured into suitable silicon Molds, a perfect shape, label narrative and Fragrances and make a kilogram of melt and pour soap base (costing which is about 1290/kg) fetch way above 8,000 in crude profits.

Get in touch with us for lessons on reconstituting Soap base for value addition. Free advice and product msds for every 1000g bought from us. Direct orders can be made via Tel no. 0722201340, 0723424240, 0705 295 044

Difference Between Laundry and Bathing Soap

Our many years of teaching in soaps, Detergents and Personal care products has yielded a lot of understanding in this area of interest.

Many people who aspire to acquire knowledge and expertise in making soaps often pose the question about debt debt management ddddffddddfdfddifference between the two.

For a start, both laundry bar and bathing soap are basically soaps, meaning the constituent raw materials (typically oils) behave the same when hydrolysis of the fatty acids takes place in presence of similar amounts of alkaline earth metals. But it is the intended final use or application that differentiates the two. Also, combinations of various oils in bathing soaps at different blending ratios, incorporation of various additives to alter functionality etc is what determines whether your Soap will be classified as a Laundry or Bathing (toilet) soap.

Laundry Soap

Training Charges set to Increase by over 50%

Today the management held a stakeholders meeting with the aim of reviewing the operations of the organization including the standards of the training.

It was noted that the recently introduced prime industrial programs necessitated retraining and re orientation of the staff together with upgrading the entire curriculum to accommodate comprehensive Industrial economics as a mandatory subject. This, the management concluded, will offer the trainees a better understanding of the principles of economics in manufacturing

It was further felt that by upgrading the training, the firm will clinch an edge above the only two competitors in Africa. Therefore, this will call for a little rise in the training Charges which will be effected towards the end of the year. For example, the training on fabric softener, which costs Ksh 4,000 will cost Ksh 6500 while Foam Mattress Making Technology which is currently charged Ksh 16,000 may cost Ksh 24,000. Industrial Coatings (Paint Technology) that is currently charged Ksh 16,000 may too be charged Ksh 24,000. It is for this reason that our followers will see few changes in the firms charge list.

Teaching Staff Empowerment
The stakeholders also discussed and agreed on the need to implement the recently proposed reward schemes for the teaching staff. It was unanimously agreed to allow the staff to develop and launch their own brands in the areas of interest while in employment. This will see them exit the firm as accomplished entrepreneurs with their own businesses and brands. Already two members of the staff have zeroed on two most popular items in the market and branding is on way. “This will help them practice what they teach and lead by example to aspiring industrialists” said Dr Herman, Co director and head of curriculum development.

Overview of the Paint Technology Course

The Paint and industrial coatings Technology classes started June 2019 and our Tutors were taken through the essentials of the course. Generally, the intensive training has the following breakdowns;

Course Duration: 2-6 days
Theory: Minimum Coverage duration-36hrs
Practicals: 14hrs
No of Tutors: 2
Topics: 13 Major and 26 sub topics
Course Fee: Ksh 16,000-21,000

General Course Outline;
-Introduction to Industrial Coatings
-Fundamentals in Coatings technology and processing Techniques
-Types of Paints and places of application
-The Science of Binders and Solvents
-Composition of different types of paints in regard to their jargon (Vinny Gloss, Matt, Acrylic Emulsions, Plastic Emulsions, Weather Coat, Undercoat, Etc)
-Common mathematical calculations & Equations in Paint formulation
(i) Pigment Volume Concentration (PVC)
(ii) Solids content determination
(iii) Maximum Coating application rates
(iv) Dry Film Thickness determination
(v) Physical paint variables influencing droplet size and surface tension
(vi) Factors that influence pigment settling and stability
(vii) -Raw material application and problem solving in product grading
(ix) Etc

Unlike many industrial short courses in our Institute, the Paint Technology Course is unique on its own. This is partly due to complexity in the formulations in regard to different needs of the area of application.

It requires patience and keenness of the learner to integrate and internalize the concepts in the science of formulation technology.

It is, however, worth noting that the mode of delivery in the training is well defined and structured for easy understanding on the part of the learner. Nothing is actually hard as what is taught is demonstrated and explained to the satisfaction of the learner.

The course is among few industrial scientific skills that take a little longer (after artificial Coal production, Animal and Poultry feed processing technology, Herbal medicine, TOT course) due to the complexity of the operations involved in Paint formulation.

Actual Formulation
Under supervision, the trainees will be given a chance to make samples of different types of the paint based on their own understanding and mistakes corrected. The subsequent trials will be fine-tuning their skills for more polished experience.

It is our hope that those who will attend the training will join the manufacturers club with high expectations and assured realization of their success.

Quality Assurance
The training is in strict observation of the Industrial Paint & Coating Product global Standards, Kenya Bureau of Standards, Tanzania Bureau of Standards and Uganda Bureau of Standards

For more information, please do not hesitate to talk to the Dean of studies on telephone number 0723424240

Cosmetics and Detergents Kenya Limited Institute

We are a Nairobi based consultancy firm, dealing with hands-on training in industrial chemical processes, research and brand development.

Over the years, we have conducted comprehensive training in manufacturing of various products in the categories of Household hygiene products, Personal care products, industrial cleaning products, Leather products, Industrial paints and coatings, Rubber products, Foam Mattresses, Lifestock feeds etc.

Cumulatively, our Institute, on daily basis, is conducts in-house teaching of 56 industrial disciplines, all focused on Kenya Bureau of Standards, consumer preference and Good Manufacturing Practices.

The college dean, Dr. Herman, a medically trained family physician is among other three directors who oversee curriculum development and supervision of the training.

Started Five years ago after he quit medical practice, Herman a church elder who keeps a low profile, teamed up with renowned Industrial consultants and together with his wife, a career accountant and business woman, they bore the idea of empowering Kenyan citizens in setting up cottage industries that would promote living standards among the retirees and the jobless. However, prior to setting up the institution, Herman oversaw the successful running of family business that also invested in the health sector in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The business, an NGO, dealt extensively on research in HIV and Chronic Diseases, running 40 well equipped Medical diagnostic Laboratories across East Africa. Herman was also among Four directors of a Health College based in Kericho (2007) which together with KNF Healthcare Services wound up after sponsor withdrawal and brand failure.

The move saw them launch a self-guide book on industrial processes written from a layman’s understanding. This was later to involve yearly release of new editions with more formulations and precise procedures.

Among other services offered by the institute are product development research, Training of trainers, and lately, Biopestides development and testing. “Biostag”, a bedbug bio- compound analog developed by Herman is in it’s initial testing and so far, he says the progress is good. It is envisaged that the Biopesticide will be the first product to successfully wipe out the bugs.

Machinery and Raw Materials
The Institute has teamed up with other competent service providers to ensure that the trainees are well equipped for the job. The institute has been appointed by Express Marine Engineering PLC in offering basic maintenance and repair of their soap machines besides promoting their sales among the upcoming career industrialists.

Wood Varnish and Paint Making Course

In our ever expanding the training programmes portfolio, we’ve introduced new courses and text books (manuals) on Industrial Paint & Coat making and wood varnish.

The new course features comprehensive procedures in formulating high end interior and exterior Wall paint, motor vehicle paint (coat) ranging from acrylics to emulsions.

The market for both paints and wood varnish are ever expanding and dominated by only three companies including Crown paints. 

Organic Soap Making Secrets

The current increased access to information about health and skin has greatly influenced people’s choice of lifestyle based on choices of what to use and no.

Increasingly, people have become more choosy when it comes to soaps, and organic soap seems to steal the thunder. But, have you known that what mostly sellers call “organic” could just be a mere hype or something else?

Real Organic Soap
Firstly, organic soap means that the hygiene cleaning agent (herein referred to as soap) must possess skin altering ingredients that influence the functions of skin in a positive way, by being truly organic. For example,

How to Make Paints in Nairobi, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania

The Paint Technology is an interesting industrial skill for people aspiring to venture into paint manufacturing.

In our career-driven consultancy services, we have conducted extensive research and study on the industrial paint technology industry, and with authority, we can say that the industry’s very few players like the Multinational giant Crown paints, have had a field day in this lucrative multi billion dollar industry in Kenya.

Our training program in Paint Technology is well structured to Impart knowledge and skills to the students in such a way to prepare them for entry into the manufacturing profession. The two-day course explores different facets of the subject matter in design and formulation of different types of paints eg. Gloss Paint, Emulsion Paint, (Water Based and oil based). The learner is introduced to basic and complex formulation techniques as seen in the leading Paint brands in Kenya and USA, quality improvement of exterior and interior paints, raw material selection and grading etc.

This course, unique in Africa, preps a school/college leaver of any grade, retired professionals, and even serving employees to build a career in manufacturing with minimal challenges and expertise that it requires.

We believe that by demystifying common industrial concepts and secrets, we help empower families to economically sustain themselves for better living standards and quality service delivery in their respective communities.

All our training programs are centered around the stringent standards stipulated by state agencies such as Kenya Bureau of Standards, Tanzania Bureau of Standards, Uganda Bureau of Standards, etc.

We welcome every citizen all over the world to have an experience with us in these life-transforming career opportunities. Call or text us on WhatsApp no +254 723424240.

Exploring Hydro colloids in Cutting Down Cost of Production

In manufacturing, especially Detergents and Lotions, the viscosity is the one one of the physical attributes that define quality. A thick shampoo, handwash gel, multi purpose, Lotions etc are attractive to customers and potential buyers since they portray richness, concentration and original. These physical features, among others (due to discuss later) are what put the manufacturer on competitive edge.

The thickening of the product is achieved by expensive ingredients which add to the cost of production beside adding value. For example, alcohol esters such Stearic acid, Cetyl alcohol etc are typical thickening agents that, apart from imparting texturing qualities in a body cream and lotion, help in co emulsifying. Therefore, we cannot completely ignore them but reduction in their dependence is worth trying it in cutting the cost of production.

In detergent production, use of CDE among other thickeners can slightly increase the cost of production.

Use of Hydrocolloids
Apart from imparting pseudo plasticity to the Detergents and Lotions, the big advantage of using these self wetting ingredients is cutting the dependence of expensive thickeners. For example; Cheap shampoos and Lotions utilize the use of these ingredients such as x-gum, carbapol, guar gum, gum Arabic etc to add volume, thickness and improve texture. Without their use, the actual production of a 20-Liter high quality liquid multi purpose detergent,) (assuming you are buying chemicals from a third party) will cost partly 300 shillings. By incorporating them, you can spend Ksh 220! Shampoo production is much cheaper at Ksh 205/20L Jerry can.

Natural Products Making in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda

The current demand and obsession with anything natural is cutting across the world market of cosmetics including Hair gels, Shampoos, Facial serums, Lotions etc.

More consumers are particularly aware of natural beauty care away from the chemical based products.

Much as it is not possible to have 100% natural products, levels of up to 90% can be achieved, especially in shower gels, hair conditioners, anti aging creams and shampoos.

Some body Lotions though, can be made with upto maximum 95% natural. This means that the binders, stabilizers, thickeners, oils, butters etc can be of natural sources such acacia gums, beeswax, Shea butter etc.

We carry out all-natural ingredient classes for Shower gels, hair conditioners and shampoos, skin care products and many more.

Visit us for more information on how you can improve your manufacturing skills with natural ingredients. We focus on quality procedures that are in tandem with Kenya bureau of Standards guidelines. Call us on +254723424240. We will offer you training and best advice on how to make natural products.

Eradicating Bedbugs in Kenya is Not Difficult after all

The recurring cycle of bedbug resurgence is not new in Kenya. Eradicating them once and for all requires an empirical approach in formulation of an effective and affordable eliminitant.The two species of Bedbugs common in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda are Cimex lectularius and Cimex hemipterus. They are, however, the easiest to eradicate The hematophagous arthropods are attracted to the host by the carbon dioxide exhaled, body heat, and various compounds emitted across the skin, and they walk to feed off the host, then craw back for rest.

Empirical Elimination
Biostag® is an inorganic pesticide that is eco-friendly. It has no harm when it comes into contact with the user nor does it smell. We developed this with the great experience and understanding of the metabolical and physiological processes of drug synthesis in Bedbugs. BIOSTAG® utilizes ingredients that are extremely of rapid penetration of the killer compound, coupled with its metabolic transformation (inside the bedbug) to the highly toxic oxygen analog (malaoxon).

Hair Care Products Take Lead in Cosmetic Industry

Occasionally, our prospective clients aspiring to plunge themselves into cosmetic manufacturing industry approach us with this question: what moves fast, soaps /Detergents o general cosmetics?

Of course it is not hard to tell the level of anxiety these people have, especially in the view of the likelihood of gambling with one’s life investments in the name of manufacturing.

As consultants with some good level of understanding the market dynamics, we cannot be biased when presenting facts about the local market for home grown business.

We believe that anything is sellable, even stones. It is how you strategize your brand and how aggressive you are that matters. However, on comparison bases, hair care products outshine skin care products when it comes to customer spending.

“Part of the reason why hair care products move fast is became of the central role the woman’s hair takes in her beauty consciousness” explained a city based hair beautician. To a woman, natural hair is expensive to maintain and it is what defines her social status. A lady without natural hair will go to any depth to buy artificial hair costing even 8,000.

Hair care products range from shampoos to treatments, with medicinal subcategory (anti dandruff, anti itch, hair loss) stealing the show.

While shampoo brands are clouding the market and struggling for a space on the shelf, hair treatment and conditioner brands are few and carry a personal taste when applied on the hair.

Treatments and conditioners also come in myriad formulations as compared to the shampoos.

Unless shampoos are medicinal, herbal or 2-in-one, their prices are almost at par. Hair treatments and conditioners have higher price tags ranging from Ksh 120-980 for a 200g jar. For example, a trending brand in Nairobi “Judsby Care Hair Serum” retails at Ksh 420 for a 200g Jar. The manufacturer, Vescon Laboratories Inc. says in their catalog that, of 18 components in ‘Judsby Care Hare Serum’ 8 of them are AI’s.

Judsby Hair Serum
A quick review at the brand’s label indicate that it cures itch and eliminates dandruff for good, besides promoting strong hair strands and curing hair fall. It also contains vitamins and hair sheen.

Such is the market story of hair care industry. The cost of production against the selling price yields huge profit margins such that specializing in one brand and strategizing – say a minimum sales of at least one thousand pieces a day countrywide, will see you banking over 300,000 on daily basis (assuming the net profit is 300 Bob.

Elsewhere, conditioners, have a special story for another day in the market circles.